What is Synchronized swimming?
Synchronized swimming or Artistic swimming is a hybrid form of swimming, dance, and gymnastics, consisting of swimmers performing a synchronized routine (either solo, duet, trio, mixed duet, free team, free combination, and highlight) of elaborate moves in the water, accompanied by music.
Artistic swimming is governed internationally by FINA and has been part of the Summer Olympics program since 1984.
Since the 20th century, synchronized swimming has predominantly been considered a women's sport, with the Summer Olympics only featuring women's duet and team events. However, international, national, and regional competitions may allow men to compete, and FINA introduced a new mixed duet competition at the 2015 World Aquatics Championships.
FINA officially renamed the sport from "synchronized swimming" to "artistic swimming" in 2017—a decision that faced mixed reception.
This unique sport demands advanced water skills, requires great strength, endurance, flexibility, grace, artistry, and precise timing, as well as exceptional breath control when upside down underwater. Competitors show off their strength, flexibility, and aerobic endurance required to perform difficult routines. Synchronized swimming is both an individual and team sport. Swimmers compete individually during figures, and then as a team during the routine.